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Also known as the cyclotron frequency or Larmor frequency, the frequency of rotation of a charged particle or ion as it spirals a magnetic field.

The trajectory of a charged particle acted on solely by a magnetic force is a helix with its axis parallel to the magnetic induction. In any plane perpendicular to the magnetic induction the particle describes a circular orbit with gyro-frequency qB/m, where q is charge, m is mass, and B is the magnitude of magnetic induction.

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Source: American Meteorological Society, Glossary