Heaviside, Oliver (1850–1925)
Oliver Heaviside was a British physicist and electrical engineer best known for his work in telegraphy,
in the course of which he developed operational calculus, a new mathematical
system for dealing with changing wave-shapes. In 1902, shortly after Kennelly,
he proposed that a layer of the atmosphere was responsible for reflecting radio waves back to Earth. This, the
E layer of the ionosphere, was found
by Edward Appleton and others (1924), and is often called the Heaviside
Layer, or Kennelly-Heaviside Layer.