Jemison, Mae C. (1956–)
The first African American woman to fly in space. She was working as a general
practitioner in Los Angeles, California, when NASA selected her and 14 others
for astronaut training in 1987. Jemison completed her training as a mission
specialist in 1988 and, in September 1992, flew as a mission specialist
aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour
on mission STS-47, which carried Spacelab.
Jemison was born in Decatur, Alabama and earned her Doctor of Medicine degree
from Cornell University in 1981. In 1993, she resigned from NASA and founded
the Jemison Group, Inc. Among her current projects are several that focus
on improving healthcare in Africa. She is also a professor of environmental
studies at Dartmouth College.