Kapustin Yar is a Russian launch complex, and also the country's oldest missile test site,
located at 48.5° N, 45.8° E. Although used quite often for launches
of smaller Cosmos satellites during the 1960s, the number of launches from
this site fell dramatically during the 1970s and 1980s to about one orbital
launch per year. Recently, the ABRIXAS satellite was launched from here.