Low, A(rchibald) M(ontgomery) (1888–1956)
A. M. Low was a British aviation engineer and father of radio guidance systems. In 1914,
Low, a commanding officer during the war, set up the first project involved
with the radio command guidance of an unmanned aircraft. He assembled a
team of three British officers – Captain Poole and Lieutenants Bowen
and Whitten – to help in the development of the radio equipment, while
Granville Bradshaw at De Haviland designed an elegant monoplane powered
by a 35-horsepower engine. Two flight tests of the so-called Aerial
Target were made on Mar. 21, 1917. The first flight suffered an engine
failure on takeoff and the vehicle "flopped into the mud." One observer
was heard to say, "I could throw my bloody umbrella farther than that!"
The second flight was successful until commands were given for a loop which
caused the engine to fail. The vehicle landed harshly but did demonstrate
the ability of radio control to fly an aircraft.
Low went on to become one of the founders and president of the British
Interplanetary Society. In the 1930s, he wrote a number of prophetic
books on the future of astronautics. He is also the author of four novels
for children: Peter Down the Well (1933), Adrift In the Stratosphere (1937), Mars Breaks Through, (1937) and Satellite In Space (1956).