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lahar




lahar
A small lahar triggered by rainfall rushes down the Nima II River near the town of El Palmar in Guatemala. The lahar developed on the slopes of Santiaguito volcano. Credit: J. N. Marso / U.S. Geological Survey
Lahar is an Indonesian word for a rapidly flowing mixture of rock debris and water that originates on the slopes of a volcano. Lahars are also referred to as volcanic mudflows or debris flows. They form in a variety of ways, chiefly by the rapid melting of snow and ice by pyroclastic flows, intense rainfall on loose volcanic rock deposits, breakout of a lake dammed by volcanic deposits, and as a consequence of debris avalanches.


Related category

   • GEOLOGY AND PLANETARY SCIENCE

Source: U.S. Geological Survey