Malyutka was a Soviet rocket point interceptor designed by Polikarpov beginning in 1943. The small aircraft, powered by a Glushko engine burning nitric acid and kerosene, was designed to reach a speed of 845 kilometers per hour on flights of 8- to 14-minute duration. Prototype construction was underway when Polikarpov died on July 30, 1944. He had Stalin's support but many other enemies. The result was that his design bureau and projects were immediately cancelled after his death.
See also rocket plane.