Maul, Alfred (1864–1941)
Alfred Maul was a German engineer who, in 1904, successfully took aerial photographs of the
ground from a height of 600 meters (2,000 ft.) by attaching cameras to a black powder rocket, thereby creating
the first instrumented sounding rocket. His 1912-model rocket carried a
20- by 25-cm photographic plate stabilized by a gyroscope.
This method of reconnaissance was discontinued, however, upon the advent
|Maul's rocket of 1904
ENGINEERS AND SPACE SCIENTISTS