Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (1849–1936)
Russian physiologist best known for his work on the conditioned reflex.
Regularly, over long periods, Pavlov rang a bell just before feeding dogs,
and found that eventually they salivated on hearing the bell, even when
there is no food forthcoming. He also studied the physiology of the digestive
system, and for this he received the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physiology
or Medicine. His major works are Conditioned Reflexes (1927) and
Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes (1928).