Poe, Edgar Allan (1809–1849)
Poe is probably best known for his stories of the macabre. But, with the publication of "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" (1841), he also became the father of the modern detective story. Poe's poem "The Raven" (1845) ranks as one of the most widely read poems in American literature. Among his better-known short stories are: "The Gold Bug" and "The Masque of the Red Death" (1842), "The Pit and the Pendulum" and "The Tell-Tale Heart" (1843), "The Premature Burial" (1844), and "The Cask of Amontillado" (1846). His novel The Fall of the House of Usher (1842) also sets a standard for macabre fiction. Poe, who is known to have drunk heavily and used drugs, died ignominiously in a ditch in Baltimore, Maryland, after a heavy drinking spree.
Related category SCIENCE FICTION
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