Prigogine, Ilya (1917–2003)
Ilya Prigogine was a Russian-born Belgian thermodynamicist who was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize
in Chemistry for contributions to understanding the thermodynamics of systems which are not in equilibrium states. A focus of Prigogine's work
was the role of time in the physical sciences and in biology. He attempted
to reconcile a tendency in nature for disorder to increase, as described
in the second law of thermodynamics,
with self-organization, a countervailing
tendency for order to arise from disorder.