Raman, Chandrasekhar Venkata (1888–1970)
Chandrasekhar Raman was an Indian physicist who was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman effect: when a medium is exposed to a beam for electromagnetic radiation, light scattered at right angles to the beam has a range of frequencies characteristic to the medium. This is the basis of the Raman spectroscope.
Raman was professor of physics (1917–33) at Calcutta University. He was director of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and in 1946 founded and directed the Raman Institute.