STAR (Self-Testing And Repairing) computer
Initial studies led to the decision to design and construct an experimental computer, at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, with dynamic (standby) redundancy, including replaceable subsystems and a program rollback provision to eliminate transient errors. The STAR computer, began operation in 1969.
The JPL STAR project was organized and directed by the Lithuanian-born electrical engineer, Algirdas Antanas Avizienis from 1961 to 1972.
ReferenceAvizienis, A., Gilley, G. C., Mathur, F. P., Rennels, D. A., Rohr, J. A., and Rubin, D. K. "The STAR (Self-Testing And Repairing) Computer: An Investigation of the Theory and Practice of Fault-Tolerant Computer Design." Computers, IEEE Transactions, Volume: C-20, Issue: 11, pp. 1312–1321, Nov. 1971.
Related entry self-repairing spacecraft
Related category COMPUTERS, AI, AND CYBERNETICS
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