Saiph (Kappa Orionis)

Kappa Orionis (Saiph)

Saiph (Kappa Orionis) is a blue supergiant that is the sixth brightest star in the constellation Orion, lying to the lower left in the Hunter's main seven-star figure. Its name comes from a longer Arabic phrase for "sword of the giant," though it lies outside the region known today as Orion's Sword.


Though at about the same distance as Rigel, Saiph looks fainter because its much higher temperature causes it to radiate much of its light in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum. Confusingly, its luminosity and temperature place it close to the region of hydrogen-fusion stability, as if it were just in the process of developing into a supergiant. Although it has a slightly variable spectrum, it makes a good background source of light with which the interstellar medium can be studied.


visual magnitude 2.07
absolute magnitude -4.66
spectral type B0.5Iav
surface temperature 26,000 K
luminosity 57,500 Lsun
radius 11 Rsun
mass 15 to 17 Msun
distance 722 light-years (227 pc)
position R.A. 05h 47m 45.4s,
Dec. -09° 40' 11"
other designations 53 Orionis, HR 2004,
BD -09°1235, HD 38771,
SAO 132542, FK5 220,
HIP 27366