Sakharov, Andrei Dimitrievich (1921–1989)
Soviet physicist who played a prominent part in the development
of the first Soviet hydrogen bomb. He subsequently advocated worldwide nuclear
disarmament (being awarded the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize) and became a leading
Soviet dissident; an outspoken defender of civil liberties, he created the
Human Rights Committee in 1970. In 1989 he was elected to the Russian Congress.
Sakharov's books include Sakharov Speaks (1974) and My Country
and My World (1975).