Schriever, Bernard Adolph (1910–2005)
Aerospace engineer and administrator who figured prominently
in American missile development. Schriever earned a B.S. in architectural
engineering from Texas A&M in 1931 and was commissioned in the Army Air
Corps Reserve in 1933 after completing pilot training. He earned an M.A.
in aeronautical engineering from Stanford in 1942 and then flew 63 combat
missions in the Pacific Theater during World War II. In 1954, he became
commander of the Western Development Division (soon renamed the Air Force
Ballistic Missile Division), and from 1959 to 1966 was commander of its
parent organization, the Air Research and Development Command (renamed Air
Force Systems Command in 1961). As such, he oversaw the development of the
and Titan missiles, introducing a systems
approach, whereby the various components of the Atlas and succeeding missiles
underwent simultaneous design and testing. Schriever also instigated the
practice of concurrency, which allowed the components of missiles to enter
production while still in the test phase, thereby speeding up development.
He retired as a general in 1966.