Seebeck, Thomas Johann (1770–1831)
Russian-born German physicist remembered chiefly for his
contribution to thermoelectricity. In 1821 he discovered that if two strips
of different metals were joined in a loop and the two junctions were maintained
at different temperatures, an electromotive
force (e.m.f.) was produced that was proportional to the temperature
difference. Today, it is called the Seebeck
effect. Seebeck falsely believed that the conductors were magnetized
directly by the difference in temperature. His discovered was neglected
for many years, but is the basis of the modern thermometer.
Seebeck also studied the polarization of stressed glass.