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Smithson, James (1765–1829)

British chemist and mineralogist; the mineral smithsonite was named after him. Angered at the Royal Society's rejection of a paper by him in 1826, Smithson left 105,000 to found an institution , the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., for the "increase and diffusion of knowledge among men." Today, it is one of the leading US scientific research and education centers.

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