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Smullyan, Raymond (1919–)

American mathematical logician, puzzle-maker, and magician, who has taught in various colleges but is best known for his books on recreational mathematics. Among these are What is the name of this book?, The Lady or the Tiger, The Tao is Silent, and This Book Needs No Title: A Budget of Living Paradoxes. Smullyan is an inventive maker of logic paradoxes and a pioneer of chess problems that involve "retrograde analysis," in which the object is to deduce the past history of a game from some given present position.


  1. Smullyan, Raymond M. What is the Name of This Book? The Riddle of Dracula and Other Logical Puzzles. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1978.
  2. Smullyan, Raymond M. The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.
  3. Smullyan, Raymond. This Book Needs No Title: A Budget of Living Paradoxes. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980.
  4. Smullyan, Raymond M. The Lady or the Tiger? And Other Logic Puzzles. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.
  5. Smullyan, Raymond M. Alice in Puzzleland. New York: William Morrow, 1982.
  6. Smullyan, Raymond M. To Mock a Mockingbird. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985.
  7. Smullyan, Raymond M. Forever Undecided: A Puzzle Guide to Godel. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.
  8. Smullyan, Raymond. The Tao is Silent. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

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