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solute




A gaseous, liquid, or solid substance that is dissolved in a solvent to form a solution. Ionic solids, such as common salt, and sugars and starch dissolve in water. Liquids can dissolve in liquids; for example, ethanol and water are miscible – capable of mixing – in all proportions at room temperature. Some gases, such as hydrogen chloride (HCl), are soluble in water.


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   • PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY