When Worlds Collide
The Space Ark speeds down its launch rail prior to lift-off.
When Worlds Collide is a 1933 science fiction novel by Philip Wylie (1902–1971) and Edwin Balmer (1883–1959), of enduring appeal, in which two rogue planets, Bronson Alpha and Bronson Beta, hurtle toward the solar system – one of them on a direct collision course with Earth. As the interlopers approach, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and giant tidal waves devastate our planet. In North America, a team of scientists race to build a spacecraft that will ferry them to the second of the two alien worlds, which will enter orbit around the Sun after its sister planet and Earth have been destroyed. Wylie and Balmer also wrote a sequel called After Worlds Collide, in which the survivors find evidence of an alien civilization on their new home planet.
Paramount bought the film rights to the story in 1934 and intended it as a project for Cecil B. DeMille. In fact, De Mille chose to make Cleopatra instead and it was not until 1951 that When Worlds Collide was brought to the big screen by George Pal. Among the plot differences between the film and novel, the two interloping planets, Bronson Alpha and Beta, and replaced in the screen version by a star, Bellus, which destroys the Earth, and its planet Zyra, to which the few survivors escape in their Space Ark.