Yangel, Mikhail K. (1911–1971)
One of the three most important designers of liquid-propellant
rockets in the Soviet Union in the early years of the Space Age, the other
two being Sergei Korolev and Vladimir Chelomei.
Yangel began his career in the aviation industry and joined Korolev's OKB-1
enterprise almost by chance. As Korolev's associate, he set up a rocket
propulsion center in Dniproperovsk in the Ukraine which later formed the
basis of his own OKB-586 bureau. At first, Yangel's facility served to mass-produce
and further develop intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that Korolev
originated. However, Yangel quickly became a major competitor, not only
as a developer of ICBMs, such as the R-12, R-14, and R-36 (see "R"
series of Russian missiles) but also of several series of space launch
vehicles, including the Zenit, Cosmos,
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