circuit breaker

circuit breaker

Circuit breakers may be used either in conjunction with, or in place of, a fuse to interrupt dangerously high currents. When too large a current flows through the coil (1), a magnetic field is produced which activates the catch (2), causing the spring-loaded contact (3) to rise. The current is interrupted, thereby protecting the circuit of which the breaker is part. No further current can flow until the circuit-breaker is closed again, which is achieved by pressing the reset button (5). To test the circuit-breaker, or to operate it manually, a push button (4) is pressed to move the contact.

A circuit breaker is a device now often used in place of a fuse to protect electrical equipment from damage when the current exceeds a desired value, as in short-circuiting. The circuit breaker opens the circuit automatically, usually by means of a coil that separates contacts when the current reaches a certain value. One advantage of the circuit breaker is that the contacts may be reset (by hand or automatically) whereas a fuse has to be replaced. Small circuit breakers are used in the home, larger ones in industry.