Flexible cytoscopy equipment.
The way the cystoscope is inserted varies, but the test is the same. Which cystoscope is used depends on the purpose of the exam.
If the standard rigid cystoscope is used, the patient lies on his and her back with knees up and apart. If a flexible cystoscope is used, this position is not necessary.
The procedure usually takes 5–20 min. The urethra is cleansed, a local anesthetic is applied, and the scope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. Water or salt water (saline) is injected through the cystoscope to fill the bladder. As this occurs, the patient is asked to describe the feeling. The answer reveals information about the condition.
As fluid fills the bladder, it stretches the bladder wall. This lets your health care provider see the entire bladder wall. The patient will feel the need to urinate when the bladder is full. However, it must remain full until the examination is complete.
If any tissue appears abnormal, a small sample can be taken (biopsy) through the cystoscope and sent to a lab for analysis.
Why cytoscopy is performed
Results of cytoscopy
If the results are normal the bladder wall will appear smooth, and the bladder will of normal size, shape, and position. There should be no obstructions, growths, or stones.
Abnormal results may indicate:
- Enlarged prostate
- Obstructed prostate
Patients must be sure to drink 4 to 6 glasses of water per day after cystoscopy. A small amount of blood may be noticed in the urine following this procedure. If the bleeding continues after urination 3 times, the health care provider should be contacted.
The health care provider should also be contacted if any of these signs of infection: