Gurwin were satellites built by the Technion Institute of Technology, Israel, and named for the philanthropist Joseph Gurwin (1920–2009). Onboard instruments include CCD (charge-coupled device) cameras, radiation detectors, ozone monitors, and amateur radio transmitters. Gurwin 1B replaced an earlier satellite that failed to reach orbit.


spacecraft launch date launch vehicle launch site orbit mass
Gurwin 1 Mar 28, 1995 Start Plesetsk failed; fell in Sea of Okhotsk 50 kg
Gurwin 1B Jul 10, 1998 Zenit-2 Baikonur 817 km × 819 km × 98.8° 50 kg