A

David

Darling

Maul, Alfred (1864–1941)

Maul's 1904 rocket

Maul's rocket of 1904.


Alfred Maul was a German engineer who, in 1904, successfully took aerial photographs of the ground from a height of 600 m (2,000 ft) by attaching cameras to a black powder rocket, thereby creating the first instrumented sounding rocket. His 1912-model rocket carried a 20- by 25-cm photographic plate stabilized by a gyroscope. This method of reconnaissance was discontinued, however, upon the advent of airplanes.