SPAS (Shuttle Pallet Satellite)
SPAS (Shuttle Pallet Satellite) was a reusable free-flying vehicle built by Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm which could be deployed and retrieved by the Space Shuttle's Remote Manipulator System (RMS). The original SPAS, with materials processing and SDI ("Star Wars")-related sensor payloads, was carried on three missions but not deployed on the second of these because of an electrical problem with the RMS.
ORFEUS (Orbiting and Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer), was a German astronomical payload that flew twice aboard SPAS. The main instrument was a 1-m telescope with extreme ultraviolet and far ultraviolet spectrometers of high spectral resolution. Also carried was the Princeton Interstellar Medium Absorption Profile Spectrograph which studied the fine structure of UV absorption lines in stellar spectra caused by interstellar gas, and several non-astronomy payloads.
CRISTA, equipped for observation of the Earth's atmosphere, also flew on two SPAS missions.
|SPAS-I||Jun 18, 1983||STS-7||228 × 947 km|
|SPAS-1A||Feb 3, 1984||STS-11||not deployed|
|SPAS-II||Apr 28, 1991||STS-39||248 × 263 km × 57.0°|
|ORFEUS-SPAS I||Sep 13, 1993||Sep 18, 1993||STS-51||301 × 331 km × 28.5°||3,202 kg|
|CRISTA-SPAS I||Nov 4, 1994||Nov 12, 1994||STS-66|
|ORFEUS-SPAS II||Nov 19, 1996||Dec 4, 1996||STS-80|
|CRISTA -SPAS II||Aug 7, 1997||Aug 16, 1994||282 × 296 km × 57.0°|