D harmonic minor
Fig 1. The notes of D harmonic minor on the stave.
Fig 2. The notes of D harmonic minor on the fretboard.
The scale of D harmonic minor starts on the root note D and then follows the step pattern common to all the harmonic minor scales: tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, augmented second (one a half tones), semitone (Fig 1). The big jump between the sixth and seven notes – one and a half tones – is what gives the scale its Spanish or Arabic flavor. Using this pattern, the notes of the D harmonic minor scale turn out to be D, E, F, G, A, B♭, C♯. Fig 2 shows the position of these notes on the guitar fretboard.
Playing and harmonizing in the key of D harmonic minor
The triads built upon the scale notes of D harmonic, and which therefore harmonize with a melody played in this key, are:
Dmin Edim Faug Gmin Amaj Bbmaj C#dim
Among the ways these chords can be played on the guitar are the following:
Adding the seventh note to these triads extends the palette of available chords that can be harmonized with notes from the D harmonic minor scale.
|D min||E dim||F aug||G min||A maj||B♭ maj||C♯ dim|
|D minmaj7||Em7b5||Fmaj7♯5||G min7||A7||B♭ maj7||C♯ dim7|
Among typical progressions that might be used are:
i - iv - V7 Dm
- Gm - A7
ii - V7 - i Em7♭5 - A7 - Dm