frame drum


Various frame drums.

A frame drum is any drum that consists of skin stretched over and nailed to a shallow circular or square frame. It is played with sticks or the hands.


Frame drums are common to many musical cultures, and the modern tambourine or bodhrán are essentially the same instruments that were being played in Arabia and India in pre-Islamic times. They are often played by dancers, and may be painted or decorated with ribbons and pieces of material. The drum may also have jingles set into the frame, like the tambourine and riq, or have a snare stretched across the drumhead, like the bendir from the Middle East.