47 Ursae Majoris
47 UMa system compared with Jupiter's orbit around the Sun. Credit: Kirk Woellert, National Science Foundation.
47 Ursae Majoris is one of the first Sun-like stars to be found to have a planet.1 This companion, 47 UMa b, was the first planet found orbiting another star to fall into the category of a classical Jovian – that is, one which roughly resembles Jupiter in both its mass and orbit. Its location around its host star is approximately the same as that of the asteroid belt in the solar system. The discovery of a second planet in the 47 Ursae Majoris system, 47 UMa c, was announced in 2002 and subsequently confirmed by other groups.2
Calling 47 UMa
47 Ursae Majoris has been the target of three METI (Message to Extraterrestrial Intelligence) signals. The first, called the Teen Age Message, was sent by the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar on September 3, 2001, and will reach at the star in July 2047. The second message, known as Cosmic Call 2, was sent by the same instrument on July 6, 2003, and will arrive in May 2049. Finally, 47 UMa was also the target of the first interstellar commercial when an advertisement for Doritos tortilla chips was beamed toward it by a radar array at the EISCAT European space station on the Norwegian island of Svalbard on June 12, 2008.
|distance||45.9 light-years (14.1 parsecs)|
|luminosity (Sun = 1)||1.54|
|mass (Sun = 1)||1.03|
|position||R.A. 10h 59m 28.0s,
Dec. +40° 25' 48.9"
|other designations||Gl 407, HR 4277, BD +41, HD 95128, LTT 12934, GCTP 2556.00, SAO 43557, FK5 1282, GC 15087, HIP 53721|
|mass (Jupiter = 1)||2.60 ± 0.13||. 0.46|
|semimajor axis||2.13 AU (317 million km, 198 million miles)||3.39 AU (509 million km, 318 million miles)|
|orbital period||1,083 days (2.96 years)||2,190 days (6.00 years)|
|discovery||1996, Butler and Marcy||2002, Fischer, Marcy, et al|
|method of discovery||radial velocity||radial velocity|
1. Butler, P., and Marcy, G. "A Planet Orbiting 47 UMa," Astrophysical
Journal Letters, 464, L153 (1996).
2. Fischer, D. A., Marcy, G. W., Butler, R. P., Laughlin, G., and Vogt, S. S. "A Second Planet Orbiting 47 Ursae Majoris," ApJ, 564 1028 (2002).