A pair of German satellites that investigated the ionosphere in the 1970s. Both were launched by Scout D rockets from Vandenberg Air Force Base.
|Artist's concept of Aeros in orbit
In June 1969, NASA and the German Ministry for Scientific Research (BMwF)
agreed a cooperative project that would orbit a German scientific satellite
designed to study particle behavior in the Earth's upper atmosphere. In
early 1969 BMwF named the proposed aeronomy satellite after Aeros, ancient
Greek god of the air. Aeros, the second U.S.-German cooperative research
satellite, following Azur, was designated GRS-A-2
by NASA before launch, assuming its proper name when successfully launched.
("Aeros" also had been used earlier as a name for the Synchronous
Meteorological Satellite project.)
||Dec. 16, 1972
||223 × 867 km × 96.9°
||Jul. 16, 1974
||224 × 869 km × 97.5°
AND SPACE PROBES