Aldrin, Edwin Eugene ("Buzz"), Jr. (1930–)
American astronaut who became the second person to walk on the Moon.
Aldrin graduated with honors from West Point in 1951 and subsequently flew
jet fighters in the Korean War. Upon returning to academic work, he earned
a Ph.D. in astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
devising techniques for manned space rendezvous that would be used on future
NASA missions including the Apollo-Soyuz Test
Project. Aldrin was selected for astronaut duty in October 1963 and
in November 1966 established a new spacewalk duration record on the Gemini 9 mission. As backup Command Module pilot for Apollo 8 he improved operational techniques for astronautical navigation star display.
Then, on July 20, 1969, Aldrin and Neil Armstrong made their historic Apollo 11 moonwalk.
|First 'selfie' in space. Buzz Aldrin, floating outside Gemini 12, 150 miles above the Earth, 1966.
Since retiring from NASA (in 1971), the Air Force, and his position as commander
of the Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base, Aldrin has remained
active in efforts to promote American manned space exploration. He has produced
a plan for sustained exploration based on a concept known as the orbital
cycler, involving a spacecraft system that perpetually orbits between
Earth and Mars. His books include Return
to Earth (1974),1 an account of his Moon trip and his views
on America's future in space, Men from Earth (1989),2 and a science fiction novel, Encounter With Tiber (1996). Aldrin
also participates in many space organizations worldwide, including the National
Space Society which he chairs.
|Aldrin aboard Apollo 11's Lunar Module
Buzz Aldrin’s mother’s maiden name was Moon. Edwin acquired the nickname
'Buzz' when he was only a few months old, from his older sister Fay Ann,
who was 18 months at the time. His family called him ‘brother’ but Fay Ann
pronounced it 'Buzzer', which then eventually became Buzz. Aldrin made 'Buzz'
his legal first name in 1988.
- Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr. Return to Earth. New York: Random House,
- Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr. Men from Earth. New York: Bantam Books,