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anastomosis




A union between the branches of smaller arteries in the form of a tubular loop. Obvious anastomoses occur around the joints of a limb, and they may be of importance in maintaining the circulation if a main vessel has to be ligatured. In other places the anastomosis of arteries provides for an even distribution of blood to the parts supplied; notable exceptions are the "arterial circle" on the base of the brain, and the series of arcades formed by the arteries of the intestines.


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   • ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY