Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jacques Henri (1737–1814)

Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre was a French proponent of natural theology whose Harmonies de la nature, published posthumously in 1815, was widely read in both France and England. In it, Bernadin de Saint-Pierre argued for a teleologically uncompromising form of pluralism: "Nature has made nothing in vain, and what would be the use of desert globes?" He even claimed that comets are inhabited and that celestial objects have souls.