A

David

Darling

PHILOSOPHY AND PHILOSOPHERS

  • absolute
  • absolute space and time
  • Adams, John (1735–1826)
  • Addison, Joseph (1672–1719)
  • Albertus Magnus (1193–1280)
  • Alembert, Jean Le Rond d' (1717–1783)
  • analogy, argument from
  • Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c.500–c.428 BC)
  • Anaximander of Miletus (c.610–c.540 BC)
  • Anaximenes of Miletus (c.585–525 BC)
  • ancient philosophy, related to the possibility of extraterrestrial life
  • Aquinas, Thomas (1225–1274)
  • Aristotle of Stagira (384–322 BC)
  • associationism
  • Averroës (1126–1198)
  • axiom
  • axiomatic method

  • Bacon, Francis (1561–1626)
  • Bacon, Roger (c.1214–c.1292)
  • Baker, Thomas (1656–1740)
  • Barnes, Ernest William (1874–1953)
  • Beattie, James (1735–1803)
  • Beck, Lewis White (1913–1997)
  • Bentley, Richard (1662–1727)
  • Bergson, Henri (1859–1941)
  • Berkeley, George (1685–1753)
  • Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jacques Henri (1737–1814)
  • Bohm, David Joseph (1917–1992)
  • Bolingbroke, Henry St. John (1678–1751)
  • Bonnet, Charles (1720–1793)
  • Borel, Pierre (c.1620–1671)
  • Borges, Jorge Luis (1899–1986)
  • Boscovich, Roger Joseph (1711–1787)
  • Brewster, David (1781–1868)
  • Bridgman, Percy Williams (1882–1961)
  • Büchner, Ludwig (1824–1899)
  • Buridan, Jean (c.1295–1358)

  • Cambridge Platonists
  • Campanella, Tommaso (1568–1634)
  • Carnap, Rudolf (1891–1970)
  • category
  • causality
  • chain of being, great
  • Chalmers, Thomas (1780–1847)
  • Christian doctrines and pluralism
  • common sense school
  • Comte, Auguste (1798–1857)
  • conceptualism
  • Confucius (c.551–479 BC)
  • Coyne, George V. (1933–)

  • de Concilio, Januarius (1836–1898)
  • deism
  • Democritus of Abdera (c.470–400 BC)
  • Derham, William (1657–1735)
  • Descartes, René (1596–1650)
  • determinism
  • Dewey, John (1859–1952)
  • Diderot, Denis (1713–1784)
  • dualism
  • du Prel, Carl Freiherr (1839–1899)

  • Empedocles (c. 490–430 BC)
  • empiricism
  • Enlightenment, The
  • Epicurus (341–270 BC)
  • essence

  • Fontanelle, Bernard le Bovier de (1657–1757)
  • formalism
  • free will
  • Frege, Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob (1848–1925)

  • Gassendi, Pierre (1592–1655)
  • Gettier problem
  • God
  • Great Monad
  • Green, Thomas Hill (1836–1882)

  • Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770–1831)
  • Heraclitus (c.540–c.480 BC)
  • Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1679)
  • Hutton, Richard Holt (1826–1897)
  • Hume, David (1711–1776)

  • idealism
  • incarnation and redemption
  • infinity
  • instrumentalism

  • James, William (1842–1910)
  • Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826)

  • Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804)

  • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm von (1646–1716)
  • Leucippus (5th century BC)
  • Locke, John (1632–1704)
  • logic
  • logical positivism
  • Lucretius (c. 99–55 BC)

  • Mach, Ernst (1838–1916)
  • Malebranche, Nicolas (1638–1715)
  • Mascall, Eric Lionel (1905–1993)
  • materialism
  • medieval philosophy, related to the possibility of extraterrestrial life
  • metaphysics
  • Metrodorus of Chios (fourth century BC)
  • microscope argument
  • monism
  • Mormonism

  • natural theology
  • Nicholas of Cusa (1401–1464)
  • nothing

  • Ockham (Occam), William of (c.1280–1347)

  • Paine, Thomas (1737–1809)
  • Parmenides (fl. c.475 BC)
  • Peirce, Charles Sanders (1839–1914)
  • perception
  • phenomenology
  • philosophy
  • Platonism
  • Plato (428–348 BC)
  • plenitude, principle of
  • pluralism
  • Plutarch (c.AD 46–120)
  • Popper, Karl Raimund (1902–1994)
  • positivism
  • pragmatism
  • pre-Socratic philosophy
  • process philosophy
  • Proclus Diadochus (c.AD 410–485)

  • Quine, Willard Van Orman (1908–2000)

  • rationalism
  • realism
  • reductionism
  • Reynaud, Jean (1806–1863)
  • Russell, Bertrand Arthur William (1872–1970)
  • Ryle, Gilbert (1900–1976)

  • scientific method
  • skepticism
  • Socrates (c.469–399 BC)
  • solipsism
  • Spencer, Herbert (1820–1903)
  • Spinoza, Baruch (1632–1677)
  • Stewart, Dugald (1753–1828)
  • Swedenborg, Emanuel (1688–1772)

  • Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre (1881–1955)
  • teleology
  • Teng Mu
  • Theophrastus (c.370–c.285 BC)
  • transmigration of souls
  • truth

  • universal
  • Ussher, James (1581–1656)

  • vitalism
  • Vorilong, William (d. 1463)

  • Whewell, William (1794–1866)
  • Whitehead, Alfred North (1861–1947)
  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1889–1951)

  • Xenophanes (c.570–475 BC)

  • yin and yang

  • Zeno of Elea (c.450 BC)