Not limited by exceptions or conditions. The term is used in many different ways in mathematics, physics, philosophy, and everyday speech.
Absolute space and time, which, in Newton's universe, form a unique, immutable frame of reference, blend and become deformable in the spacetime of Einstein. See also absolute zero.
In some philosophies, the absolute stands behind the reality we see – independent, transcendent, unconditional, and all-encompassing. The American philosopher Josiah Royce (1855–1916) took the absolute to be a spiritual entity whose self-consciousness is imperfectly reflected in the totality of human thought. Mathematics, too, reaches beyond imagination with its absolute infinity.
Related entries• absolute value
Related categories• MATHEMATICAL TERMINOLOGY
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