The Great Monad, also known as T'ai-Chi, is an important and ubiquitous symbol
in traditional Chinese philosophy and cosmology. It represents the underlying
harmony of the universe when its opposites or dualities – male and
female (yang and yin), hard and soft, Sun and Moon, and so forth –
are in balance. It occurs everywhere in Chinese art: in books, on walls,
porcelain, and tablets, and stitched into brocade.