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Parmenides (fl. c.475 BC)




Greek philosopher of Elea in southern Italy; foremost of the Eleatics. His philosophy, anchored on the proposition What is is," denied the reality of multiplicity and change. His uncompromising attempt to deduce the properties of the Real – a single eternal solid, all-embracing yet undifferentiated – marks the beginning of the Western tradition of philosophical reasoning. See also pre-Socratic philosophy.


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