Carpenter, Malcolm Scott (1925–2013)
One of the Mercury Seven astronauts.
Scott Carpenter was the backup pilot for America's first manned orbital
spaceflight and became the second American to go into orbit when, on May
24, 1962, he piloted his Aurora 7 capsule three times around the world.
Subsequently, while on leave of absence from NASA, he became an aquanaut
team leader in the Navy's Man-in-the-Sea Project, spending 30 days on the
ocean floor as part of the Sealab II program. Upon returning to his NASA
duties, as executive assistant to the director of the Manned Space Flight
Center, Carpenter participated in the design of the Apollo
Lunar Module and in underwater extravehicular activity crew training. In
1967, he rejoined the Navy's Deep Sea Submergence Systems Project as director
of Aquanaut Operations during the Sealab III experiment. In later years,
Carpenter became an active author, public speaker, and consultant on ocean
and space technology programs.
- Carpenter, M. S., et al. We Seven – by the Astronauts Themselves.
New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962.