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Devil's curve

Devil's curve
Image: Jan Wassenaar

Also known as the Devil on Two Sticks, a curve with the Cartesian equation

y4 - a2y2 = x4 - b2x2

and the polar equation

r 2(sin2θ - cos2θ) = a2sin2θ - b2cos2θ.

Early studies of it were carried out in 1750 by the Swiss mathematician Gabriel Cramer (1704–1752), who is most famous for his work on determinants, and in 1810 by Lacroix. For a = 25/24, the curve is called the electric motor curve.

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