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dike




dike
This dike was exposed when a new pit crater formed in about 1880 AD in the northeast corner of the summit caldera of Mauna Loa Volcano. The dike is about 1.5m wide. Credit: J. P. Lockwood / U.S. Geological Survey
A tabular or sheet-like body of igneous rock which, unlike a sill, cuts through and across the layering of adjacent rocks. Dikes (or dykes) form when magma rises into an existing fracture, or creates a new crack by forcing its way through existing rock, and then solidifies. Hundreds of dikes can invade the cone and inner core of a volcano, sometimes preferentially along zones of structural weakness.


Related category

   • GEOLOGY AND PLANETARY SCIENCE

Source: U.S. Geological Survey