The term used by the Prigogine School (from Ilya Prigogine, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry) for emergent structures arising in self-organizing systems. Such structures are dissipative by serving to dissipate energy in the system. They happen at a critical threshold of far-from-equilibrium conditions. An example is the hexagonal convection cells that emerge in the Benard System when it is heated. Another example are the so-called chemical clocks demonstrated in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. These chemical clocks are composed of both temporal structures, such as a shift from one color to another with the regularity of a clock, and spatial structures such as spiral waves.
Related categories CHAOS, COMPLEXITY, AND DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS
HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS
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