In general anatomy, distal means situated away from the origin or point of attachment,
or from the middle line of the body. It is specifically applied to the
extremity or distant part of a limb or organ. For example, the fingers
are the most distal portion of the arm in relation to the torso. The
opposite of distal is proximal. See
also surface anatomy.
|DISTAL – used to describe a part of the
body further away from the midline than another part. Thus, the
ankle is distal to the knee.
PROXIMAL – the opposite of distal. The elbow is proximal
to the wrist.
- In dental anatomy, distal describes the surface of a tooth furthest from the center
of the dental arch.