In anatomy, proximal is nearer to the root or head of a structure such
as a limb. The name derives from the Latin proxime, "nearest". For example, the
proximal end of the femur is part of the hip
joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow.
The opposite of proximal is distal.
|PROXIMAL – used to described a part of the
body nearer to the midline than another part. Thus the elbow is proximal
to the wrist.
DISTAL – the opposite of proximal. The ankle is distal to the
• surface anatomy