After ovulation, movements of the fimbriae assist in directing the ovum (egg cell) to the Fallopian tube. The ovum enters and travels through the Fallopian tube where fertilization can occur. The fertilized ovum continues into the uterus where it becomes implanted. The Fallopian tubes are named after the Italian anatomist Gabriel Fallopius.
Falloposcopy is the inspection of the inner lining of the Fallopian tubes using a narrow flexible fiber-optic tube called a falloposcope, which is introduced via a hysteroscope (an endoscope used for visualization of the interior of the uterus).
Disorders of the Fallopian tubeThe Fallopian tube may become inflamed, usually as a result of bacterial sexually transmitted infection; this can, in some cases, lead to infertility. Ectopic pregnancy (the development of an embryo outside the uterus) is another serious disorder that most commonly occurs in a Fallopian tube. This arises when there is a delay in the passage of the fertilized egg along the tube, usually as a result of scarring or blockage. Implantation occurs in the Fallopian tube wall, but it is too thin to sustain growth, and as the pregnancy progresses, the tube may rupture and cause internal bleeding. The pregnancy must be terminated.
Related entries• female genital tract
• female reproductive system
Related category• ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Home • About • Copyright © The Worlds of David Darling • Encyclopedia of Alternative Energy • Contact