# Gardner, Martin (1914–2010)

Martin Gardner was an American recreational mathematician best known for his "Mathematical Games"
column, which ran in *Scientific American* for twenty-five years. Through
this column he introduced many subjects, including flexagons, polyominos, Piet Hein's Soma
Cube, and John Conway's Game of Life,
to a wider audience. He was also an accomplished amateur magician and an
active member of the skeptical movement associated with James Randi. Gardner
published more than 60 books, including various collections of his *Scientific
American* columns, *The Ambidextrous Universe*, and *The Annotated
Alice*.

### Bibliography

1. Gardner, Martin. *Mathematics, Magic and Mystery*. Mineola,
NY: Dover, 1956.

2. Gardner, M. *Mathematical Puzzles and Diversions*. New York:
Simon and Schuster, 1959.

3. Gardner, Martin, ed. *The Mathematical Puzzles of Sam Loyd*.
Mineola, NY: Dover, 1959. 2 Vols.

4.Gardner, M. *The Second Scientific American Book of Mathematical
Puzzles & Diversions*. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961.

5. Gardner, Martin. "The Remarkable Lore of the Prime Numbers", *Scientific
American*, March 1964.

6. Gardner, M. *New Mathematical Diversions from Scientific American*.
New York: Simon and Schuster, 1966.

7. Gardner, M. "Mathematical Games." *Scientific American*, 237,
18-28, Nov. 1977.

8. Gardner, Martin. *Mathematical Magic Show: More Puzzles, Games,
Diversions, Illusions and Other Mathematical Sleights-of-Mind from Scientific
American*. New York: Vintage, 1978.

9. Gardner, Martin. *The Ambidextrous Universe*. New York: Charles
Scriber's Sons, 1978.

10. Gardner, Martin. *Mathematical Circus: More Games, Puzzles, Paradoxes,
and Other Mathematical Entertainments from Scientific American*.
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

11. Gardner, Martin. *Science Fiction Puzzle Tales*. New York:
Clarkson N. Potter, 1981.

12. Gardner, Martin. *Wheels, Life, and other Mathematical Amusements*.
New York: W. H. Freeman, 1983.

13. Gardner, Martin. *Martin Gardner's Sixth Book of Mathematical Diversions
from Scientific American*. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1983.

14. Gardner, Martin. *The Magic Numbers of Dr. Matrix*. Buffalo,
NY: Prometheus Books, 1985.

15. Gardner, M. *Knotted Doughnuts and Other Mathematical Entertainments*.
New York: W. H. Freeman, 1986.

16. Gardner, Martin. *Riddles of the Sphinx And Other Mathematical
Puzzle Tales*. Washington, DC: Mathematical Association of America,
1987.

17. Gardner, Martin. *Time Travel and Other Mathematical Bewilderments*.
New York: W. H. Freeman, 1987.

18. Gardner, Martin. *Hexaflexagons and Other Mathematical Diversions*.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

19. Gardner, Martin. *Penrose Tiles and Trapdoor Ciphers... and the
Return of Dr. Matrix*. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1989.

20. Gardner, Martin. *Mathematical Carnival*. Washington, DC: Mathematical
Association of America, 1989.

21.Gardner, Martin.* Mathematical Magic Show*. Washington, DC:
Mathematical Association of America, 1990.

22. Gardner, M. *Fractal Music, Hypercards, and More Mathematical Recreations
from Scientific American Magazine*. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1992.

23. Gardner, Martin (Introduction and Notes). *The Annotated Alice:
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass*.
New York: Random House, 1998.