INTEGRAL (International Gamma-ray Astrophysics Laboratory)


INTEGRAL (International Gamma-ray Astrophysics Laboratory) is a European Space Agency satellite that has provided the sharpest pictures of the cosmos in gamma rays to date and has identified many new gamma-ray sources. It is designed to carry out fine spectroscopy and imaging of cosmic gamma-ray sources in the 15 keV to 10 MeV energy range, with concurrent source monitoring in the X-ray (3 to 35 keV) and optical (V-band, around 550 nm) energy ranges.


launch date Oct 17, 2002
launch vehicle Proton
launch site Baikonur
orbit 9,000 × 153,000 km × 51.6°
mass 4,000 kg