Polish coin depicting Miroslaw Hermaszewski, the first Polish astronaut. He spent eight days aboard the Salyut 6 space station as part of the Intercosmos program.
Intercosmos was a Soviet space program launched in order to achieve two objectives:
· Perform scientific research in space;
· Show the world the unity and cooperation between the USSR and its allies (Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Cuba, GDR, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Vietnam).
Additionally, some countries belonging to the Non-Aligned Movement (India, Syria), and even one of the member countries of NATO (France), took part in the program.