Monge, Gaspard (1746–1818)
Gaspard Monge was a French mathematician and physicist who put descriptive geometry, introduced
by Albrecht Dürer, on a firm mathematical
footing. He became professor of mathematics at Mézières (1768) and of hydraulics
at the Lycée in Paris (1780), and published his ground-breaking treatise
on the application of geometry to the arts of construction in 1795.