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propane (C3H8)




A colorless, flammable gas, the third member of the alkane series of hydrocarbons. It occurs in natural gas, from which it is obtained; it is also acquired by the cracking of petroleum. Propane is used as a fuel (called bottled gas), as a solvent, and in the preparation of many chemicals. It is oxidized to acetaldehyde.


melting point -190°C (-310°F)
boiling point -42°C (-43.6°F)


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   • ORGANIC CHEMISTRY